• Via Nazionale, 180 Casaletto Spartano (SA) ITALY

Rio Casaletto

Bed & Breakfast Rio Casaletto

The Rio Casaletto was born in the Affondatore district, near the hamlet of Fortino in the municipality of Casaletto Spartano, on the slopes of Mount "Buviero" (923 meters). With the name of the stream Sorgitore, it bathes several districts and increases the water of many springs, of which the most important are: "Scururo", "Chiaggia Rossa", "Capello" and "Mariongione". Previously, it also increased the important source of the "Melette", but since the 50s, it has served to supply the Basso Bussento consortium aqueduct. The latter supplies four countries with drinking water: Casaletto, Battaglia, Tortorella, Torraca and part of Sapri. The river, which flows for two thirds in the territory of the Municipality of Casaletto, is 22 km long. It has as a tributary of the left the Giardenaso stream and flows into the Bussento, which in turn is a left tributary. Due to its water flow and the particular slope, the water flow of the Rio Casaletto has always been used as a power generator. Along its course, a series of mills have sprung up in every period, now definitively abandoned and a ironworks on whose foundations a still functioning hydroelectric plant was built, built in the early years of the century. Currently, the water of the Rio Casaletto, together with that of Bussento, feeds the Bussento hydroelectric plant, the one located near the bridge of the SS 517 Bussentina. The Rio Casaletto is the most southerly stream of the Cilento and, therefore, of Campania and is the main left-hand tributary of the Bussento river; the right tributaries are: the Sciarapotamo stream and the Calleo torrent. In the valley below the village of Casaletto Spartano, the Rio Casaletto probably formed a lacustrine basin at the beginning of the Quaternary. This is confirmed by the flat position of the "Isca" (word of the Greek-Italiot dialect, which means side or bank shore, to be interpreted with the meaning of "land on the river bank") and of the "Chiana", which was the bed of this lake. The basin was emptied in subsequent eras, due to the erosion of the limestone threshold that contained it, these hypotheses should be supported by relative studies aimed at the identification of lacustrine or fluvio-lacustrine deposits. The importance of the Rio Casaletto is confirmed by the considerable degree of biodiversity as well as by the low impact of anthropogenic influence, which earned it the top half of the segment recognition of SIC area (Site of Community Interest) with identifying name: "Montagne di Casalbuono ".